How to Install Active Directory in Windows Server 2016

How to Install Active Directory in Windows Server 2016

 

In this blog post, I will show you How to Install Active Directory in Windows Server 2016, Before the AD install, let me help you understand the minimum system requirements to install windows server 2016. see the details below:

Processor

Processor performance depends not only on the clock frequency of the processor, but also on the number of processor cores and the size of the processor cache. The following is a minimum processor requirement:

1.4 GHz 64-bit processor
Compatible with x64 instruction set
Supports NX and DEP
Supports CMPXCHG16b, LAHF/SAHF, and PrefetchW
Supports Second Level Address Translation (EPT or NPT)
TIP: You can also use this tool to confirm which of these capabilities your CPU has: Coreinfo ( SysInternal Tool)

RAM

Minimum 512 MB (2 GB for Server with Desktop Experience installation option) it required and ECC (Error Correcting Code) type or similar technology

DISK

Storage controller and disk space requirements

Computers that run Windows Server 2016 must include a storage adapter that is compliant with the PCI Express architecture specification. Persistent storage devices on servers classified as hard disk drives must not be PATA. Windows Server 2016 does not allow ATA/PATA/IDE/EIDE for boot, page, or data drives.

Minimum: 32 GB is estimated minimum disk space requirements for the system partition.

Network adapter

Network adapters used with this release should include Minimum:

An Ethernet adapter capable of at least gigabit throughput, PCI Express compliant & should support PXE.
Network card supporting network debugging (KDNet) is added advantage, however, it’s not the minimum requirement.

A Trusted Platform Module (TPM) chip is not a mandatory requirement, however, is required to use the BitLocker Drive Encryption feature.

Now that you have all the hardware in place lets go ahead and install Active directory.
  1. Configure a static IP address with loopback address as its DNS server IP.
  2. Launch Server Manager by launching the start menu (as shown in the picture below)
Server Manger
Server Manager

3. As soon as it launches the server manager, please click on Add roles and features. (as shown in the picture below)

Add roles and features
Add roles and features

4. You will see the Add Roles and features wizard launch where you will have to click on NEXT.

Add roles and features wizard
Add roles and features wizard

5. Make sure “Role-based or feature-based Installation” is selected (usually, it is by default however, you just make sure that’s the one highlighted for this task)

Installation Type
Installation Type

6. After you choose the Installation type in the previous screen and hit next you will be prompted to choose the destination server on which you wish to install this role, however, if you have only one server in the domain it will select it automatically:

Select Destination Server
Select Destination Server

7. Select “Active Directory Domain Services” role and associated features it needs to be installed (you will see that on the pop-up) (I have captured it in the same screenshot)

Active Directory Domain Services
Active Directory Domain Services

8. Review the summary screen and hit next to initiate installation of “Active Directory Domain Services” role.

Confirm Installation Selections
Confirm Installation Selections

9. You can check out the Installation progress from this screen:

Installation in progress
Installation in progress

10. Watch out for “Installation Succeeded” message (as shown below), as soon as you see the Installation Succeeded message you will have to click on the link below to “Promote this server to a domain controller”.

Installation Succeeded
Installation Succeeded

11. In case you forgot to click on  “Promote this server to a domain controller” link in above screen then you will have to go back to server manager and look out for a yellow exclamation mark on top and click on “Promote this server to a domain controller” link (see below)

Post-Deployment Configuration
Post-Deployment Configuration

12. Select “Add a new forest” under select the deployment operation and type your “root domain name”.

Root domain name
Root domain name

13. In the next page, you can select the domain and forest functional levels. I am going to set it up with the latest, which is the default configuration and then type a password for DSRM and hit next.

Domain Controller Options
Domain Controller Options

14. Since this is going to be the first DNS server in this forest leave the settings for default and click next (you can ignore the warning).

DNS Options
DNS Options

15. Verify the NetBIOS domain name and click Next.

Verify NETBIOS Name
Verify NetBIOS Name

16. Review the AD DS database path, leave it to default unless you want to change it and if you do keep a track of the custom paths is my advice.

AD Database Path selection
AD Database Path selection

17. Review your selections during this wizard on this screen and click Next.

Review your selection
Review your selection

18. Now the wizard will run a prerequisites check which validates the prerequisites before installing AD Domain Services.

Prerequisite Check
Prerequisite Check

19. Look out for results on prerequisite check in the next screen and make sure its successfully or you need to troubleshoot any errors if found.

Prerequisites Check Successful
Prerequisites Check Successful

20. The server will reboot automatically post finishing the install and will prompt you to log in as domain admin this time after you are logged in as domain administrator you can launch the command prompt and type the command set u to confirm the domain name and NetBIOS.

You can also type DSA.MSC to launch Active Directory Users and Computers management console.

Confirm Domain and launch AD management console
Confirm Domain and launch AD management console

 

 

Congratulations! you have installed AD successfully on windows 2016 server.




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